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大山外语:中考英语定语从句中只能用which

来源:大山外语    发布时间: 2018-12-20|

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  定语从句中只能用which,不能用that的几种情况:

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  1. 在介词后面的关系代词用which而不能用that。即“介词+which(代物)” 例如:

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  The picture for which he paid $1,000 was once owned by a duke.

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  他花了1000美元买下的画曾为一名公爵所拥有。

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  The building in which Han Mei studied was very old.

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  韩梅在里边学习的那幢大楼很旧。

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  2. 在非限定性定语从句中不能用that。例如:

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  Crusoe's dog, which was very old now, became ill and died.

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  克鲁索的狗,现在已经很老了,病死了。

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  3. 有两个定语从句,其中一个关系代词已有which,另一个宜用that。相反,如果其中一个为that,另一个宜用which。

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  Edison built up a factory which produced things that had never been seen before.

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  爱迪生办了一个工厂,生产过去从未见过的东西。

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  Let me show you the novel that I borrowed from the library which was newly open to us.

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  让我给你看看我从新开放的图书馆借来的小说。